Van Persie will be reunited with former United teammate Daley Blind in the latest squad selection. United winger Memphis has also been included in the provisional squad.
Daley joins his father Danny Blind who replaced Guus Hiddink as manger of the Dutch national side following a poor run of results.
The Netherlands take on Turkey in the 2016 European Championship Group A game on 3 September 2015.
Jasper Cillessen (Ajax), Jeroen Zoet (PSV), Kenneth Vermeer (Feyenoord), Tim Krul (Newcastle United)
Daley Blind (Manchester United),Jeffrey Bruma (PSV), Virgil van Dijk (Celtic), Bruno Martins Indi (Porto), Kenny Tete (Ajax), Joël Veltman (Ajax), Terence Kongolo (Feyenoord), Jaïro Riedewald (Ajax)
Paul Verhaegh (Augsburg), Stefan de Vrij (Lazio), Gregory van der Wiel (Paris Saint-Germain)
Ibrahim Afellay (Stoke City), Vurnon Anita (Newcastle United), Marco van Ginkel (Stoke City), Nigel de Jong (AC Milan), Wesley Sneijder (Galatasaray), Georginio Wijnaldum (Newcastle United)
Davy Klaassen (Ajax)
Memphis Depay (Manchester United), Bas Dost (VfL Wolfsburg), Klaas Jan Huntelaar (Schalke 04), Luuk de Jong (PSV), Jeremain Lens (Sunderland), Luciano Narsingh (PSV), Robin van Persie (Fenerbahçe), Quincy Promes (Spartak Moskova), Arjen Robben (Bayern Münih)